Top 7 Festivals of Assam

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Assam, the enchanting state nestled in the northeastern part of India, is renowned for its vibrant culture and diverse traditions. Festivals in Assam hold immense significance and play a vital role in bringing communities together, celebrating their heritage, and fostering unity. From the joyous Bihu festivals to religious melas and cultural extravaganzas, Assam showcases a kaleidoscope of celebrations throughout the year. In this article, we will delve into the top seven festivals of Assam, each unique in its customs, rituals, and fervor.

1. Bihu Festival

The Bihu festival, undoubtedly the most popular and widely celebrated festival in Assam, consists of three major Bihus: Rongali Bihu, Kongali Bihu, and Bhogali Bihu. Rongali Bihu marks the arrival of spring, Kongali Bihu represents a time of introspection and prayer, and Bhogali Bihu rejoices in the harvest season. These festivals hold deep cultural and agricultural significance, bringing people together to perform traditional dances like the Bihu dance and indulge in delectable Assamese cuisine. Bihu showcases the rich agricultural heritage of Assam and embodies the spirit of joy and merriment.

2. Ambubachi Mela

The Ambubachi Mela is a revered religious festival held annually at the Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati, Assam. This four-day festival celebrates the menstruation of the goddess Kamakhya and is considered a symbol of fertility and womanhood. Devotees from all over the country flock to the temple to seek blessings and participate in various rituals and prayers. The unique customs associated with the Ambubachi Mela make it a significant and sacred event for the people of Assam.

3. Jonbeel Mela

The Jonbeel Mela is a fascinating fair that promotes social integration and trade among different communities. This age-old festival traces its roots back to the 15th century when the Ahom kings used to collect taxes from the neighboring tribes in the form of goods. Today, the fair is an opportunity for people from various tribes and communities to come together, showcase their unique cultural traditions, and engage in trade activities. The Jonbeel Mela is held near Jagiroad in Morigaon district and attracts a large number of visitors who witness cultural performances, traditional sports, and the vibrant atmosphere of this grand fair.

4. Baishagu

Baishagu is a captivating festival celebrated by the Bodo community in Assam. This colorful and lively spring festival marks the onset of the Bodo New Year and is characterized by vibrant dances, rhythmic music, and elaborate costumes. The festival showcases the rich cultural heritage of the Bodo people, with participants adorning traditional attire and performing traditional dances like Bagurumba and Bardwisikhla. Baishagu is a time of joy, renewal, and community bonding for the Bodo community.

5. Dehing Patkai Festival

The Dehing Patkai Festival is a celebration of the rich biodiversity and natural beauty of the Dehing Patkai rainforest in Assam. This festival aims to create awareness about environmental conservation and promote eco-tourism in the region. During the festival, visitors can enjoy wildlife safaris, nature walks, cultural performances, and traditional Assamese cuisine. The Dehing Patkai Festival serves as a platform to appreciate the natural wonders of Assam and foster a sense of responsibility towards preserving them for future generations.

6. Ali-Aye-Ligang

Ali-Aye-Ligang is an agricultural festival celebrated by the Mising tribe, primarily engaged in farming. This vibrant festival marks the beginning of the sowing season and is a time for prayers, rituals, and merriment. The festival is characterized by traditional Mising dances, such as Gumrag Soman and Ayango, showcasing the cultural heritage of the tribe. Ali-Aye-Ligang also includes traditional sports like cockfights and buffalo fights, adding excitement and entertainment to the celebrations.

7. Majuli Festival

Majuli, the largest river island in the world, hosts the Majuli Festival, a grand cultural extravaganza. This festival showcases the artistic, musical, and spiritual traditions of Assam. Artists and performers from various parts of the state come together to present folk dances, music concerts, theater performances, and traditional art forms like mask-making and pottery. The Majuli Festival provides a platform for artists to showcase their talent and for visitors to immerse themselves in the rich cultural heritage of Assam.


The festivals of Assam paint a vivid picture of the state’s cultural diversity and richness. From the lively Bihu festivals that celebrate the spirit of agriculture and joy to the religious significance of Ambubachi Mela, each festival holds a special place in the hearts of the people. The Jonbeel Mela promotes social integration, Baishagu showcases the vibrant traditions of the Bodo community, and the Dehing Patkai Festival highlights the importance of nature conservation. The Ali-Aye-Ligang festival celebrates the agricultural traditions of the Mising tribe, while the Majuli Festival presents a grand cultural spectacle on the river island. Assam’s festivals bring together people from different backgrounds, fostering unity, joy, and a deep appreciation for the state’s cultural heritage.


1. When is the Bihu festival celebrated in Assam?

The Bihu festival is celebrated at different times of the year. Rongali Bihu is observed in mid-April, Kongali Bihu in mid-October, and Bhogali Bihu in mid-January.

2. What is the significance of Ambubachi Mela?

Ambubachi Mela celebrates the menstruation of the goddess Kamakhya and is considered a symbol of fertility and womanhood. It is believed that during this time, the goddess goes through a period of purification and rejuvenation.

3. How long does the Jonbeel Mela last?

The Jonbeel Mela usually lasts for three days. It is a grand event where people from different tribes and communities gather to celebrate and engage in trade activities.

4. What are the traditional dances performed during Baishagu?

Baishagu is accompanied by lively traditional dances like Bagurumba and Bardwisikhla. These dances involve rhythmic movements, colorful costumes, and energetic music, creating a festive atmosphere.

5. Can visitors participate in wildlife safaris during the Dehing Patkai Festival?

Yes, visitors can enjoy wildlife safaris and explore the natural beauty of the Dehing Patkai rainforest during the festival. It is a wonderful opportunity to witness the diverse flora and fauna of the region.

6. Where is Majuli located?

Majuli is located in the Brahmaputra River in Assam. It is known as the largest river island in the world and is a hub of cultural activities during the Majuli Festival.

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Upendra Yadav is a seasoned Data Analyst with a passion for exploring new places and immersing himself in different cultures. With a curious mind and an eye for detail, Upendra delves deep into the history, people, and cuisine of the places he visits, and brings his experiences to life through his writing.. His work has been featured in various travel blogs, where he shares his insights and recommendations for fellow explorers. Through his writing, Upendra aims to inspire others to venture beyond their comfort zones and discover the hidden gems of the world. When he's not analyzing data or traveling to new destinations, Upendra can be found indulging in his other hobbies, such as photography and trying out new recipes. He is currently working on his next travelogue, where he hopes to take his readers on a journey to even more exciting and lesser-known destinations.