Eravikulam National Park, Kerala: A Haven for Wildlife Enthusiasts

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Eravikulam National Park is one of the most visited national parks in India. It is situated in the Western Ghats of Kerala, a state in the southern part of India. The park is known for its diverse flora and fauna, breathtaking views, and rich cultural heritage. In this article, we will explore the beauty of Eravikulam National Park and everything that makes it a must-visit destination.


Eravikulam National Park is spread over an area of 97 sq km and is located in the Idukki district of Kerala. It was declared a national park in 1978 to protect the endangered Nilgiri Tahr, which is a type of mountain goat found only in the southern part of the Western Ghats. The park is home to many other species of animals, birds, and plants that are endemic to the Western Ghats.

Location and Climate

Eravikulam National Park is located 15 km from Munnar, a popular hill station in Kerala. The park is situated at an altitude of 1,600 to 2,700 meters above sea level. The climate in the park is pleasant throughout the year, with temperatures ranging from 5 to 25 degrees Celsius. The monsoon season, from June to September, is the best time to visit the park as the entire area comes alive with lush greenery.

Flora and Fauna

Eravikulam National Park is home to a variety of flora and fauna. The park has over 750 species of plants, including many rare and endangered species. The shola-grassland ecosystem of the park is unique and is considered to be one of the most important habitats in the Western Ghats.

The park is also home to many species of animals, birds, and butterflies. The Nilgiri Tahr is the most famous inhabitant of the park, and visitors can spot these magnificent animals grazing on the slopes. Other animals found in the park include the Indian bison, sambar deer, leopard, and langur. The park is also a birdwatcher’s paradise, with over 130 species of birds, including the Nilgiri wood pigeon, black-and-orange flycatcher, and Kerala laughing thrush.

Attractions and Activities

Eravikulam National Park offers many attractions and activities for visitors. The park is home to Anamudi, the highest peak in South India, which offers breathtaking views of the surrounding hills and valleys. Visitors can also trek to the top of the peak, but prior permission is required from the park authorities.

The park also has a nature trail that takes visitors through the shola-grassland ecosystem and offers a chance to spot some of the rare plants and animals of the Western Ghats. The park also has a museum that showcases the natural history of the park and the cultural heritage of the region.

Conservation Efforts

Eravikulam National Park is committed to the conservation of the Western Ghats ecosystem. The park has implemented many measures to protect the flora and fauna of the area, including the Nilgiri Tahr. The park authorities have also introduced various eco-friendly measures to minimize the impact of tourism on the fragile ecosystem of the park.

How to Reach

Eravikulam National Park is easily accessible from Munnar, which is well connected to other parts of Kerala and neighboring states. The nearest airport is Cochin International Airport, which is around 120 km from the park. The nearest railway station is Aluva, which is around 110 km from the park. From Munnar, visitors can hire a taxi or take a bus to reach the park entrance. Private vehicles are not allowed inside the park, and visitors have to take a park bus to explore the park.


There are no accommodation facilities inside the park, but visitors can find many options in Munnar, which is just 15 km away from the park. Munnar has a range of hotels, resorts, and homestays that cater to different budgets and preferences. Visitors can also opt for camping or trekking expeditions that offer a chance to stay amidst nature.


Eravikulam National Park is a must-visit destination for nature and wildlife enthusiasts. The park’s unique ecosystem, diverse flora and fauna, and breathtaking views make it a truly memorable experience. Visitors can explore the park’s attractions, take part in various activities, and learn about the conservation efforts that are being undertaken to protect the fragile ecosystem of the Western Ghats.


  1. What is the best time to visit Eravikulam National Park?
  • The best time to visit the park is from June to September during the monsoon season.
  1. Is camping allowed inside the park?
  • No, camping is not allowed inside the park. Visitors can opt for camping expeditions outside the park.
  1. Can I spot Nilgiri Tahr in the park?
  • Yes, visitors can spot Nilgiri Tahr grazing on the slopes of the park.
  1. How far is Eravikulam National Park from Munnar?
  • The park is located just 15 km away from Munnar.
  1. Are private vehicles allowed inside the park?
  • No, private vehicles are not allowed inside the park. Visitors have to take a park bus to explore the park.
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Upendra Yadav is a seasoned Data Analyst with a passion for exploring new places and immersing himself in different cultures. With a curious mind and an eye for detail, Upendra delves deep into the history, people, and cuisine of the places he visits, and brings his experiences to life through his writing.. His work has been featured in various travel blogs, where he shares his insights and recommendations for fellow explorers. Through his writing, Upendra aims to inspire others to venture beyond their comfort zones and discover the hidden gems of the world. When he's not analyzing data or traveling to new destinations, Upendra can be found indulging in his other hobbies, such as photography and trying out new recipes. He is currently working on his next travelogue, where he hopes to take his readers on a journey to even more exciting and lesser-known destinations.